Article Index

What is the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement

The Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement (“the MCAA”) is a multilateral framework agreement that provides a standardised and efficient mechanism to facilitate the automatic exchange of information in accordance with the Standard for Automatic Exchange of Financial Information in Tax Matters (“the Standard”). It avoids the need for several bilateral agreements to be concluded.

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Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement


‘Country-by-Country reporting will have an immediate impact in boosting international co-operation on tax issues, by enhancing the transparency of multinational enterprises’ operations,’ said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

‘Under this multilateral agreement, information will be exchanged between tax administrations, giving them a single, global picture on the key indicators of multinational businesses. This is a much-needed tool towards the goal of ensuring that companies pay their fair share of tax, and would not have been possible without the BEPS Project.’

EU - Anti Tax Avoidance Package

The Anti Tax Avoidance Package is part of the Commission's ambitious agenda for fairer, simpler and more effective corporate taxation in the EU. 

The Package contains concrete measures to prevent aggressive tax planning, boost tax transparency and create a level playing field for all businesses in the EU. It will help Member States take strong and coordinated action against tax avoidance and ensure that companies pay tax wherever they make their profits in the EU.

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Key elements

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Chapeau Communication

The Chapeau Communication outlines the political, economic and international context of the Anti Tax Avoidance Package and gives an overview of the different elements.

Anti Tax Avoidance Directive

The Anti Tax Avoidance Directive proposes six legally-binding anti-abuse measures, which all Member States should apply against common forms of aggressive tax planning. 

It aims to create a minimum level of protection against corporate tax avoidance throughout the EU, while ensuring a fairer and more stable environment for businesses.

The proposed Directive sets out six key anti tax avoidance measures, which all Member States should apply:

  • Interest limitation rule
  • Exit taxation
  • Switch-over clause
  • General anti-abuse rule
  • Controlled foreign company legislation
  • Hybrid mismatches

Click to access Anti Tax Avoidance Directive2

Revision of the Administrative Cooperation Directive

The revised Directive proposes country-by-country reporting between Member States' tax authorities on key tax-related information on multinationals operating in the EU. 

These new transparency provisions will allow all Member States the information that they need to detect and prevent tax avoidance schemes.


The recommendation on Tax Treaties

The Recommendation advises Member States how to reinforce their tax treaties against abuse by aggressive tax planners, in an EU-law compliant way. It covers the introduction of general anti-abuse rules in tax treaties and the revision of the definition of permanent establishment.


Communication on an External Strategy for Effective Taxation

The External Strategy presents a stronger and more coherent EU approach to working with third countries on tax good governance matters. It also sets out a process to create a common EU list of third countries for tax purposes.

External Strategy for effective communication - document 1


External Strategy for effective communication - document 2


Study on Aggressive Tax Planning

The study looks at Member States' corporate tax rules (or lack thereof) that can facilitate aggressive tax planning and key structures used by companies to avoid taxation. 

It includes factsheets with the main findings for each Member State and examples of tactics used by multinationals to lower their taxes.


EU links

OECD BEPS Webcast - June 16, 2016