The Governments of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) - Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates that make up GCC - are committed to form a common framework for the introduction of value added tax (VAT) in the region.

In order to achieve conformity within the GCC, it is anticipated that the six member states will all aim for implementation of VAT during the period commencing 1 January 2018 or by the end of 2018.

VAT as a process will affect many aspects of businesses operating in the GCC and will require significant time to plan, and integrate into existing processes. 

Setting the objectives

  • To be ready in time and a need of an effective and efficient work process between Tax function, IT function and its third party consultants
  • To optimize its VAT deduction and to automate this VAT process as much as possible in SAP
  • To limit VAT risks and meet VAT reporting obligations (e.g. reverse charge mechanism to avoid non VAT compliance)
  • To automate VAT processes via enhancing the SAP 'as is' functionality where possible
  • Set up processes and controls when VAT automation is not feasible
  • To test new SAP functionality prior to go-live (sandbox)

Based on above objectives the PDF document 'More detailed description of Work in booklet' established the scope, schedule and means of initiating the work to be performed by the service provider and describes or references the specifications, instructions, standards, and other documents, which the service provider shall satisfy or adhere to in the performance of the work.

KGT is supporting one of the largest multinationals with the setup of the GCC VAT rules in SAP itself

There are in principle 2 important phases:

  • Design a Business Blueprint outlining the implementation of VAT in SAP and supporting systems.  Develop this blueprint through understanding and incorporating the GCC VAT law, Client's VAT strategy, detailed business requirements and current system landscape.
  • Implement the blueprint in conjunction with the Client's IT team, including testing, training, documentation and go-live support. Develop the appropriate reporting for compliance with GCC VAT between Client's SAP system and government authorities.

Roadmap: implementation activities for SAP

Implementation activities in SAP IMG for VAT:

  • Configure tax procedures for all relevant Gulf countries for VAT solution (Access sequences, Account Key/Condition, Country assignment)
  • Create new required tax codes in SAP (transaction FXTP) for all relevant Gulf countries with required parameters
  • Configure posting tax amounts based on created tax code for automated tax posting
  • Create VAT condition records for all VAT relevant sales scenarios
  • Define and update setting for VAT registration numbers

Implementation activities in SAP IMG for Excise Duty:

  • To be defined based on the actual requirement: dependent on excise duty calculation/accounting based on sales quantity (comparable with VAT) or movement of goods

Activities related to pricing procedures/policy:

  • Review all used pricing procedures
  • Add required tax condition types to sales pricing procedures

Activities related to transaction output (billing documents):

Advise on changes to be made to print programs/output types: based on legal requirements:

  • Invoice tax text messages (SO10)
  • VAT registration number customer
  • Tax rates and amounts

Documentation activities:

  • Develop and draft documentation for the VAT solution in Gulf countries for  SAP consultants (configuration documentation)
    Develop and draft documentation for the VAT solution in Gulf countries for business users including rate changes, implemented VAT logic and  VAT reporting

Testing activities:

  • Unit testing for VAT solution for all Gulf countries

Types of VAT GCC transactions

GCC VAT system follows most likely the EU model. From a design perspective the supply chain should be allocated to the following VAT GCC categories: 

  • Domestic supplies
  • Deemed supplies
  • B2B GCC intra supplies
  • B2C GCC intra supplies
  • Import
  • Export

All supplies fall within three 'tax categories':

  1. Standard rated: VAT taxable supplies applicable to most goods and services
  2. Zero rated:  VAT taxable supplies applicable to exported goods and services and according to the VAT Act certain appointed domestic supplies 
  3. VAT exempt

UAE VAT treatment in an one pager

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Being ready for GCC VAT introduction when operating SAP

Roadmap to Tax and IT function effectiveness

KGT SAP add-ons for SAF-T, e-invoicing and MTD UK for VAT work as a standalone application within the SAP system and does not change existing customer SAP functionality or processes. It is fully configurable with custom namespace /KGT.

KGT partnered up with SAP regarding 'SAP Advanced Compliance Reporting for SAP HANA'. The 'Advanced Compliance Reporting' (ACR) service enables you to configure, generate, analyze, and electronically submit statutory reports that contain indirect taxes, such as value-added tax.

KGT provides also S/4 HANA transformation support.

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